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2016 Freight Quick Facts Report

Our Nation's freight transportation system consists of a vast network of roads, railways, navigable channels, and pipelines that connect hundreds of seaports, airports, and intermodal facilities in the movement of raw materials and finished products throughout the country. This report provides practitioners and the public at large with a user-friendly source of information about this vital system, focusing on answering a wide-range of freight-related questions, particularly about how the sector has changed over the past several years. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the extent and usage of freight infrastructure in the United States. Chapter 2 discusses the impacts of this freight transportation system on the economy, environment, and society. Chapter 3 concludes by summarizing key freight trends and providing an overview of policy and funding issues in the sector.

Research Data Exchange (RDE) Adds More Data Environments for Download

The Research Data Exchange (RDE), a web-based portal that provides access to archived and real-time multi-source and multi-modal data to support the development and testing of ITS-related applications and transportation management operational strategies, has added a number of new data environments that are available free to the public.

Transportation Management Plan Effectiveness Framework and Pilot

This report was prepared to help practitioners formulate and follow clear, consistent approach towards assessing the effectiveness of Transportation Management Plan (TMP) strategies. This publication provides an inventory of the measures-of-effectiveness (MOEs) that each of the TMP strategies may affect at a particular work zone, depending on the characteristics of that work zone and other TMP strategies that are used. An overall framework is presented to guide analysts on the available approaches towards TMP strategy effectiveness evaluations, possible scopes of those evaluations, and potential analytical methods. A synthesis of evaluations is also for those TMP strategies for which previous and current literature and data were available.

Planning for Transportation Systems Management and Operations Within Corridors: A Desk Reference

This Desk Reference is designed to equip State, regional, and local transportation operations and planning professionals with the knowledge and tools necessary to effectively plan for and implement transportation systems management and operations (TSMO) within a corridor.

Improving Business Processes for More Effective Transportation Systems Management and Operations

Many agencies are shaping their Transportation Systems Management and Operations (TSMO) programs to more effectively address those planned and unplanned events that affect road and travel conditions and can have an effect on overall system reliability. Business processes, in the context of TSMO, refers to activities such as planning, programming, agency project development processes, and those organizational aspects that govern various technical or administrative activities (such as training, human resource management, or agreements). Business processes get at the heart of many of the organizational issues that can influence TSMO. This primer presents business processes across several TSMO areas, including traffic incident management, planned special event traffic management, road weather management, work zones, and freeway traffic management. Case studies in each area illustrate where agencies have made concerted changes to their respective business processes, and modified aspects such as contracting, training, resource allocation, planning and other business processes. The primer also highlights available tools and resources to help assess business processes, provides strategies for engaging the right stakeholders, and provides a guide to next steps.

Public Perception of Safety Messages and Public Service Announcements on Dynamic Message Signs in Rural Areas

The objective of this project was to assess the effectiveness and potential benefits of posting public service announcements (PSAs) in rural areas by surveying a variety of travelers in those areas, including local residents, tourists, and long-haul truck drivers. This project addressed a number of questions related to safety awareness and PSA messages on dynamic message signs (DMS), including: driver awareness, driver understanding, changes in driver behavior, and drivers' opinions.

Transportation Management Center Video Recording and Archiving Best General Practices

This report presents a cross section of how different agencies are addressing video recording and sharing topics—drawn from a literature review, online inquiry, interviews, and expert input. Since State and local regulatory, policy, operational, and fiscal environments differ (in some cases quite significantly) it is a challenge to identify one-size-fits-all best practices. Therefore this report presents best general practices for Transportation Management Center (TMC) leaders to consider and in some instances recognizes that several different practices might apply (specific to the needs of an agency or organization).

The Open Source Application Development Portal Adds More Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Applications for Download

The Open Source Application Development Portal (OSADP) is a web-based portal that provides access to and supports the collaboration, development, and use of open-source ITS-related applications. The OSADP features source code, software, applications, and resources (e.g., documentation, licenses, data) to support the use or further development of these applications. The OSADP has added a number of new ITS-related applications that are available free to the public: 1) Dynamic Intermodal Routing Environment for Control and Telematics - Analysis, Modeling and Simulation (DIRECTView-AMS; 2) Intelligent Network Flow Optimization Analysis, Modeling, and Simulation (AMS); and 3) Connected and Automated Speed Harmonization.

Freight Analysis Framework Inter-Regional Commodity Flow Forecast Study

This technical report accompanies the 2012 base-year Freight Analysis Framework Forecasts (FAF4) submitted to the FHWA Office of Freight Management and Operations. The technical report outlines the data and methodology employed to develop freight forecasts using the 2012 base-year FAF data for 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, and long-term forecasts in five-year increments from 2020 to 2045. This report also analyzes the resulting FAF4 forecasts, summarizing the observed trends and the outlook for domestic, imported, and exported goods movement for the United States. Included are detailed breakdowns by major commodity class and, for international trade, by key trade region. Three scenarios driven by different macroeconomic assumptions are analyzed and presented.

Use of Narrow Lanes and Narrow Shoulders on Freeways: A Primer on Experiences, Current Practice, and Implementation Considerations

This primer provides information to policy makers, transportation agency managers, designers and operators on the use of narrow lanes and narrow shoulders to improve capacity within an existing roadway footprint. Much of the information contained in the primer is presented in the broader context of both Performance Based Planning and Programming (PBPP) and Performance — Based Practical Design (PBPD). Primer contents include case studies on the use of narrow lanes, issues and approaches for analyzing the operational and safety impacts of narrow lanes and narrow shoulders, and the role of transportation systems management and operations (TSMO) in support of narrow lanes operations.

Urban Congestion Trend Reports for 2015 Available

The 2015 Urban Congestion Trend annual report is now available, providing annual congestion and reliability measure trend information as well as highlighting evaluations of successful operations strategies. (FHWA-HOP-16-032)

2017 SOLAR ECLIPSE Transportation Fact Sheet for State and Local Departments of Transportation

To help the 14 states under the path of the first solar eclipse to transverse the continental United States since 1918, FHWA has prepared the 2017 Solar Eclipse Transportation Fact Sheet for State and Local Departments of Transportation. With approximately 200 million people living within a day's drive of the August 21, 2017 solar eclipse, the fact sheet was designed to alert state and local DOTs of the eclipse, provide the link for events and festivals to celebrate the event in the 14 states; and if appropriate, to provide information should the states need to develop transportation plans.

Public Roads Editorial: Fostering America's Freight Economy

The FAST Act delivers programs and critical funding to reenergize investment in the movement of goods in the United States. (FHWA Public Roads July/August 2016)

Regional Assessment of Weather Impacts on Freight

This project follows up on a study completed for the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in 2012 that provided a national estimate of weather-related delay affecting the trucking industry. The initial estimate indicated that weather-related delay costs the industry $8 billion to $9 billion annually. The goal of this study is to conduct a more detailed assessment of the impacts of adverse weather on freight movement in 13 diverse geographic regions, including both urban and rural corridors. The analysis presented in this report indicates that, overall, weather events have a significant negative impact on traffic speeds—and, therefore, the freight industry—when analyzed at the regional level. In this report's study area, which focuses solely on a limited set of major highways, decreased traffic speeds due to weather events are estimated to cost the freight industry $3.8 million per year. The study found that ice, snow, fog, heavy rain, wind, and extreme temperature events were the most correlated with reduced traffic speeds, with the largest decreases occurring during the first hour of storms. Adverse weather was shown to have a greater correlation with decreased traffic speeds during peak hours.

Smartphone Applications To Influence Travel Choices: Practices and Policies

This primer provides an overview of current practices in this emerging field and looks toward the future in the evolution and development of smartphone applications for the transportation sector.

Integrated Corridor Management and Traffic Incident Management: A Primer

This primer will examine both how traffic incident management (TIM) can be integrated into an integrated corridor management (ICM) approach, as well as the many benefits resulting from ICM that can contribute to the advancement of TIM programs.

Shared Mobility: Current Practices and Guiding Principles

This primer provides an introduction and background to shared mobility; discusses the government's role; reviews success stories; examines challenges, lessons learned, and proposed solutions; and concludes with guiding principles for public agencies. The primer provides an overview of current practices in this emerging field, and it also looks toward the future in the evolution and development of shared mobility.

Congestion Pricing - A Primer: Effective Approaches to Streamlining Back Office Operations

The document explores the range of back office issues that have arisen on congestion pricing projects throughout the United States. The issues are organized into eight categories: policy decisions, interoperability back office efficiency, enforcement, data analysis and warehousing, transparency, privacy, and private sector involvement.

Integrated Corridor Management and Freight Opportunities

This primer examines how freight can be incorporated into an integrated corridor management (ICM) approach, as well as the benefits of ICM in addressing the freight challenge.

Integrated Corridor Management, Transit, and Mobility on Demand

This primer examines how both public transportation and mobility on demand can be incorporated into an integrated corridor management approach.

The Freight Economy

Learn more about the interconnected network of almost seven million miles of highways, local roads, railways, navigable waterways and pipelines that move food, energy, goods and raw materials to keep citizens employed, communities healthy and the Nation competitive.

Guide to Project Coordination for Minimizing Work Zone Mobility Impacts

This new publication provides guidance on using work zone Project Coordination (PC) to minimize work zone impacts and produce time and achieve cost savings. This Guide presents key concepts of PC, examples of useful tools to facilitate PC, and case studies of how PC was used to improve agency management of complex construction programs.

 
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